June 9, several graduates in the Beijing University of Technology campus photo, the campus hanging in Beijing part of the university graduation season special "capricious" banner. China News Agency reporter Yang Kejia photo
Every year from June to July, is the graduation season is also the employment season. This year, 7.95 million college students into the community, a record high.
In order to compete for talent, a few months, Changsha, Chengdu, Wuhan and many other mainstream second-tier cities have thrown "to send the house" "send account" "money" and other measures. 795 million college graduates will go where? Is the choice of expression "cold" first-tier cities, or choose to open the door greeted the mainstream second-tier cities?
Graduates first-line cities take root difficult
This year from the Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics graduate student Xiao Li, after nearly six months of efforts, and finally by a university in Beijing to receive, become a new Beijing.
Xiao Li said with emotion, "to find a with the account is not easy from the delivery resume, access to interviews, political review to hiring, this process is suffering.
First-tier cities take root is not easy, why so many people are willing to "drift" here? There are many reasons, the attractiveness of pay is one of the important reasons. According to the report released in July, the average salary of Beijing's 37 major cities in the summer of 2017 was 9791 yuan, and the second to the fifth were Shanghai (9337 yuan) Shenzhen (8866 yuan), Hangzhou (7933 yuan) and Guangzhou (7754 yuan). The attractiveness of first-tier cities is evident.
"This explains why Beijing can attract and gather so many people from one side." Professor Xu Yutong, a professor at the National School of Administration, analyzes the "people go to the height and the water is low." Whether from the domestic high-end talent or returned from overseas talent, preferred is still north of Guangshen these first-tier cities.
However, in recent years, first-tier cities settled in the policy gradually tightened, Beijing even more.
As early as 2014, the Beijing Municipal People's Social Security Bureau of the relevant person in charge said that the Beijing index will not break through 10,000 people, will be gradually tightening trend. 2015, Beijing City, the introduction of fresh graduates of the indicators no more than 9,000 people, "2016 only reduced by no increase."
Reporter noted that the past, the introduction of foreign students in Beijing has been the source of "total control" principle, this year put forward the "total cap." Although the quota has not yet been announced in 2017, but in the "total cap" in the background, is expected this year, foreign students settled in Beijing indicators difficult to exceed 9000 people.
Not just Beijing, Shanghai is also strict control of the population. Data show that since 2015, Shanghai's inflow population continues to turn negative.
With the first-tier cities repeatedly introduced a more stringent property market to buy, tighten accounts and other policies to escape the voice of the first-tier cities once again sounded. Where did those people who flee go?
Japan, Hangzhou, Tianjin, Guangzhou, these places to absorb the outflow of talent from Beijing were 8.95%, respectively, 6.25%, 5.50%, 4.26%, respectively, the city's second- The
Data show that Peking University graduates out of the target city of higher heat is the other first-tier cities or the development potential of large, livable mainstream second-tier cities such as Chengdu, Wuhan, Xi'an and so on.
Yang Yiyong, director of the National Development and Reform Commission's Social Development Institute, told the reporter of China Economic Weekly. "Although there are college students who are willing to go to the mainstream second-tier cities in the north, this does not mean that the industrial agglomeration of the first-tier cities has been brought to an end. To a large extent because of the stringent settlement policy and high cost of living in the first - tier cities, and if the policy is loosened, the talent is likely to return to the first - tier cities.
Mainstream second-tier cities to grab people, account is a magic weapon
"I repeatedly considered, or decided to go back to Changsha." 985 college graduates Hunan students Xiao Zhao to reporters a message, she internship in Beijing during the past few months, also interviewed a few jobs, but eventually chose to return to second-tier cities The
No talent is no future, many cities take the initiative out of the olive branch, a variety of "retain talent" policy have appeared, so many graduates heart.
"China Economic Weekly" will be Chengdu, Hangzhou, Nanjing, Wuhan, Tianjin, Xi'an, Chongqing, Qingdao, Shenyang, Changsha, Dalian, Xiamen, Wuxi, Fuzhou, Jinan and other 15 second-tier cities to attract college graduates to attract preferential policies To sort out and found that in addition to Shenyang did not introduce the relevant policies, the other 14 cities are out of the attractive conditions, accounts, houses and cash subsidies, are the main event.
"Urban development lies in people, urban vitality is also people, the net population into the benefits of the city is not just the financial income, pension payments, it is a city future hope." Xu Yao Tong said.
It should be said that college graduates are most concerned about or account. So, to college graduates settled "green", become the mainstream second-tier cities "grab people" will open the chips.
"China Economic Weekly" combing found that talent policy has been introduced in 14 cities, 10 cities mentioned in the settlement system, of which seven cities clearly put forward the college graduates or university graduates settled rules, "release restrictions "" Lower conditions "and other similar descriptions frequently appear in the policy.
Nanjing proposed college graduates can apply directly settled; Wuhan required to graduate within 3 years without the need to buy a house to apply for settlement; Xi'an liberalization of ordinary college graduates settled; Chengdu is full-time undergraduate and above graduates with graduation Certificate settlement system; Changsha to implement the "first settled after employment", full-time undergraduate and above qualifications can be settled procedures ... ...
Another focus of the policy is to promote the reform of the household registration system. For example, Dalian to implement the integration of new policies and new policies for the approval of the home; Suzhou settled by the way (property settled, points settled, talent settled) three ways; Hangzhou settled in a relatively strict way, limited to 35 years of age to apply for Into the Hang settled, should also meet the "living in Hangzhou for one year and above and continuous payment of one year and above social insurance (not paid) conditions.
These places put "big move" - to the room, to the money
Housing is always just into the social college students pain! Because of this, many cities in the introduction of retention initiatives, the big fight "to keep people" card, not only for foreign residents not limited to purchase housing, but also to give some purchase subsidies.
Wuhan to attract graduates to work more exciting move. Wuhan Municipal Government announced that it will build 3605 sets of college students talent apartment, for graduation 3 years to stay in Wuhan entrepreneurial employment without room college students, the longest lease period up to 3 years.
Nanjing, the people living in the policy requirements, to obtain full-time undergraduate and above and get the appropriate degree of domestic and foreign college graduates, graduated within two years of employment in Nanjing and signed a one-year or more term labor contract, or in Nanjing self-entrepreneurship, Workers social insurance, you can apply for about 30 square meters of public rental or 600 to 1,000 yuan rental subsidies.
Ningbo to college graduates, founder, the basic talent of the purchase subsidy from 1% to 2%, up to 80,000 yuan; new leader and top-notch talent, previously given 500,000 to 1.5 million yuan home subsidies, the New Deal after the implementation of the highest 3 million yuan.
Changsha to the local work of the doctorate or master's degree, undergraduate and other full-time college graduates, two years were issued each year 15,000 yuan, 10,000 yuan, 0.6 million rental and living subsidies, doctorate or master's degree in Changsha and the first purchase , Were given 60,000 yuan, 30,000 yuan purchase subsidies.
In addition to housing concessions, all over the introduction of talent is also "pain under the blood" - to the money.
Xiamen to the introduction of top-notch top team to give 10 million yuan to 100 million yuan subsidy; Chengdu Nobel Prize winners and other international top talent (team) up to 100 million yuan of comprehensive subsidies, academicians, national "thousands of people plan" The new five-year plan will be invested more than 10 billion yuan of funds to attract the reserves of 1 million talent; the introduction of new jobs in Hangzhou, full-time master's degree graduate students and returned to study Course) staff, will have the opportunity to get a one-time payment of life subsidies 20,000 to 30,000 yuan ... ...
In view of attracting talent and let talent to maintain a certain vitality, you can also introduce the introduction of talent to attract talent, but it should be noted that not to compete for talent and unscrupulous or sky offer. "Talent competition do not intend to highlight the material conditions, to show more units of the team spirit and cultural connotation, so that people can continue to grow in the team, and not to make people feel the weight with the yuan.
Why does Beijing's attractiveness decline?
Mainstream second-tier cities are full of enthusiasm for talent, but whether to let talent left, for the population to improve the net inflow rate, is the key breakthrough in the city's talent competition.
Hunt big data show that the first quarter of 2017, the highest net inflow rate of talent in the top 10 cities, ranked first in Hangzhou, the net inflow rate of 11.52%; and Beijing ranked only eighth, for the 5%, lower than many mainstream second-tier cities.
In Xu Yutong view, the decline of Beijing's attraction, on the one hand by the north of the recent years settled, high prices due to factors, can not go to Beijing, Shanghai and other first-tier cities, of course, choose to Hangzhou, Wuhan and other mainstream second-tier cities, resulting in The net inflow rate of these mainstream second-tier cities has increased. "But there are still a lot of people who have to squeeze the head to stay in the north and other first-tier cities in Guangzhou and Shenzhen on the choice of the gradient, of course, is preferred north of Guangshen.
Yang Yiyong put the net inflow rate of talent in Beijing into a national strategy: "First of all, this is the national strategy. Beijing to control 'big city disease', while easing the population at the same time, will touch some of the flow of talent, leading to large city talent On the other hand, the flow of talent to the second line, third-tier cities can optimize the national talent allocation, to promote the development of small and medium-sized cities. Not suitable for development in Beijing can go to Nanjing, Nanjing to no less than to Prefecture - level cities, prefecture - level cities to no less than to the county, which is the trend of talent flow.