Recently, Harvard University School of Education, a report "Making Caring Common" (Chinese translation as "let love the hearts of others in the popular among young people"), triggered a lot of media attention and industry discussions.
Many of the consultants are predicting how the rules of the game will be rewritten in the future and how our students should respond. But few people to tap the deeper reasons behind this change and this from the field of university enrollment changes in the education of our students and children in the end what inspired.
In fact, the real Harvard is a group of truth, for the country, for the community and dedicated martyrs. They are a group of people who do not count the return to serve the country, serve the community, is the real elite of American society, the idea of giving back to society has been deeply in their hearts.
The report is to make utilitarian distorted values return to the anteroposterior, so that more people to re-understand Harvard's ideals and spirit.
Before we talk about the deep question, we will briefly introduce the main contents of this report.
First of all, this newspaper mentions that the vast majority of US high school students today put personal achievements above others (which are contrary to the traditional values of the United States). Taking into account the university enrollment rules for the leading role of education, the report strongly recommended that the US university enrollment system to make the necessary changes, then to reverse the "personal achievement on the care of others on the" mainstream values.
To this end, the report gives three goals, and for each goal given a specific operational recommendations.
Goal 1: Promote more meaningful devotion, community service, and encourage students to actively participate in social activities related to public well-being;
Goal 2: Set up the necessary mechanisms to properly assess the participation of students at the moral level (eg community service), taking full account of the differences in participation of students in the above activities due to differences in race, culture and social class. (According to this standard, sitting on a plane to Cameroon to do community service will not be more advantageous than doing volunteer in the region.)
Goal 3: Redefine achievements to eliminate inequality of educational opportunities in the economic context and to reduce the pressure on high achievement goals.
With regard to Goal I (Participation in Community Activities), the report gives four specific recommendations:
1, continuous, meaningful community service;
2, through teamwork to solve community problems and challenges;
3, the real (from the original meaning should not be superficial, true meaning), meaningful for the diversity of social experience (such as poverty);
4, can develop the development of students grateful heart and the future of the sense of service activities.
With regard to Goal II (moral participation and its contribution to others), the report gives two recommendations:
1, the contribution to the family;
2, assess whether students can pay attention to the needs of others in their daily lives and make sacrifices.
For the target three (redefine achievement), the report gives five recommendations:
1, emphasizing the quality of activities rather than quantity;
2, told the students to recruit students to know that some students chose the excessive AP and IB courses;
3, warning and discourage students in the process of school over-reliance on external guidance;
4, to provide the necessary options to reduce the student's examination pressure;
5, to expand the students for the "good" university awareness.
These proposals as a whole as the report was presented at this moment, the reason behind it is self-evident, that is: the United States in the field of higher education for people more and more away from the American elite tradition Utilitarianism has come to an intolerable point.
We know that the initial mission of American universities is not to cultivate specific industry talent, but to cultivate "complete" citizens who can critically consider and focus on major issues, and such citizens are the cornerstone of American democracy and social progress. But with the overall society more and more realistic, people's attitude towards the university is more and more pragmatic or even utilitarian. People are increasingly regarded as a personal brand and professional success of the guarantee, and more and more neglect the nature and purpose of university education.
The last ten years, the United States USNews university popularity is becoming increasingly popular, the US elite's entry competition increasingly fierce. The following is a testament to Harvard's enrollment rate between 2004 and 2015 (please note that Class2019 students enrolled in the fall of 2015, students who graduated in the summer of 2019, their admission decisions may be made in April 2015 - RD, and possibly in December 2014 - EA).